Prise en compte des acteurs de la chaîne de valeur dans l’analyse de la performance environnementale pour éco-concevoir et inciter à une éco-utilisation : cas appliqué aux produits consommateurs d’énergie unités de réfrigération pour le transport routier.

Abstract : To implement ecodesign strategies, it is necessary to evaluate the environmental performance. The use of Environmental Performance Indicators (EPI) is a good way to achieve this. These EPI, to be effective, must be adapted to the various value chain actors, internal and external to the company, susceptible to be involved in the improvement of the environmental performance. These different actors have different needs regarding information (details, type of information) and these needs may be contradictory. In this work, we propose a method for selecting EPI that take into account the value chain actors and their needs. Once the EPI have been defined, they must be able to assess the situation, define ecodesign strategies and monitor the evolution of environmental performance. For some energy-using products, the usage scenario can significantly vary the environmental performance. A focus is thus put on the development of sustainable behavior strategies. It is necessary that the strategies put in place allow customers/users to reduce their environmental impact and that the company takes a competitive advantage while improving the environmental performance of its products. In this study, this is reflected in: 1) the adaptation of existing ecodesign tools for the integration of value chain actors; 2) the definition of a method of personalized diagnosis of the use of products. These methods have been applied and validated by the case study of road transport refrigeration units.
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Charlotte Heslouin. Prise en compte des acteurs de la chaîne de valeur dans l’analyse de la performance environnementale pour éco-concevoir et inciter à une éco-utilisation : cas appliqué aux produits consommateurs d’énergie unités de réfrigération pour le transport routier.. Eco-conception. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0056⟩. ⟨tel-01701360⟩

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