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Méthodes d'échantillonnage appliquées à l'imagerie de défauts dans un guide d'ondes élastiques

Arnaud Recoquillay 1
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : Widely used structures in an industrial context, such as plates, pipes or rails, can be considered as waveguides. Hence efficient Non Destructive Testing techniques are needed in order to detect defects in these structure during their maintenance. This work is about adapting a sampling method, the Linear Sampling Method, to the context of NDT for elastic waveguides. This context implies that the sollicitations and measurements must be on the surface of the waveguide in a time-dependent regime. A modal and multi-frequency formulation of the LSM, specific to waveguides, has been chosen to solve the problem. This formulation allows an efficient and physical regularization of the inverse problem, which is naturally ill-posed. An optimization of the number of sources and measurements and of their positioning is possible thanks to the methodology used to solve the problem. The scalar case of an acoustic waveguide is considered as a first step, while the vectorial case of an elastic waveguide, more complex by nature, is addressed in a second time.The efficiency of the method is at first tested on artificial data (numerically made), and then on real data obtained from experiments on metallic plates. These experiments show the feasibility of using sampling methods for Non Destructive Testing in an industrial context. In the case when only one sollicitation is available, the LSM can not be applied. A completely different approach is then used, which is called the ``exterior'' approach, coupling a mixed formulation of quasi-reversibility and a level-set method in order to recover the shape of the defect.
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Arnaud Recoquillay. Méthodes d'échantillonnage appliquées à l'imagerie de défauts dans un guide d'ondes élastiques. Physique mathématique [math-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLY001⟩. ⟨tel-01712219⟩

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