Optimisation de l’implantation de centrales éoliennes dans l’environnement d’un marché à prix locaux

Abstract : Electricity markets are in a period of intense change. This is notably due to liberalization efforts to increase the extent of electricity system’s management carried out through market operations. One such example is the implementation of nodal prices for network constraints. Moreover, the surge for electricity from renewable sources questions the operation of the electricity system. In this framework, the investment issue for wind producers is becoming more complex. Its income may go from a subsidy-based scheme to a full market participation in the short term, and more volatile according to time and location (in a nodal-pricing scheme). Bearing all this in mind, this PhD work first analyzes the impact of potential installation sites’ characteristics: load factor, and predictability (a site’s ability to enable reliable predictions), on investment. To this end, we carry out a statistical analysis on historical data from several markets, then we suggest an estimator of wind producers revenue, to carry out the same work with a less costly approach than exhaustive calculation. Then, in order to carry out the same kind of analysis, this time in a customizable framework, we build an algorithm to solve the problem of Optimal investment planning of wind turbines within a nodal price market environment. It takes into account the participation in the Day-ahead market as well as penalties paid for imbalances between the energy contracted and injected in real-time (due to forecasting errors). We assume renewable production is important enough to influence market prices which are also generated with our model, and we integrate scenarios for wind production and demand. Therefore we have a stochastic problem which we solve using Benders decomposition. Ultimately we analyze the impact of load factor and predictability on optimal investment according to the chosen setting for regulation cost, line capacities and wind data correlation.
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Fiona Foucault. Optimisation de l’implantation de centrales éoliennes dans l’environnement d’un marché à prix locaux. Energie électrique. PSL Research University, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM079⟩. ⟨tel-01717309⟩

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