ORGANISATION GLOBALE ET ARRANGEMENTS LOCAUX DANS LA DISTRIBUTION D'EAU A BAMAKO ET A LA HAVANE

Abstract : In Havana, and Bamako, water supply is incomplete. It is limited either in time or geographically. Socio-political regulation participates in water networks setting. Therefore entry of private companies in water utilities management is seen as a solution thanks to international financing coming from SAUR and AGBAR. Nonetheless, private management of the former public companies supposes a changing in the infrastructure cost distribution. This modification in the payer's identity might lead to political instability. In Bamako, middle class who forms the power base is requested to suppport tariff rises for water supply under this new private management. In Havana, private funds in water supply divided the territory according to the quality of the service. In both cities companies' profit is the priority, leaving the benefits of safe water supply backward. Relations between the State and the private company are different according to the country. Cuban interests converge with those of the private supplier (AGBAR) thanks both to the State major capital participation in the company supplying water and thanks to its ability to control a market generating currencies. On the contrary, Malian State fail his alliance with the private interet (SAUR). Privatisation added difficulties and disparties in the context of poor urban management.
Keywords : Water Cuba Mali
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Pascale Pinceau. ORGANISATION GLOBALE ET ARRANGEMENTS LOCAUX DANS LA DISTRIBUTION D'EAU A BAMAKO ET A LA HAVANE. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. AgroParisTech, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009AGPT0041⟩. ⟨tel-01719270⟩

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