Relations entre la microstructure et le comportement mécanique de matrices polyamide 66 injectées

Abstract : This study focuses on polyamide 66 matrices, formed as injection molded plates. The aim of the study is to highlight existing interrelations between microstructural organization and mechanic behavior.At first, the analysis is limited to one plate. A microstructural mapping has been done, and shows a typical injection molded organization, with evolutions in thickness and injection directions. Therefore, some areas can be differentiated, the superficial ones, those in contact with the mold, where the crystallization is induced by thermal gradient and shear stresses quite important, contrary to bulk areas which have known more stable conditions. Evolutions along the injection direction are more subtle and seem to be induced by the transportation of matter or different pressure conditions during the injection process.These microstructural differences are reflected on the mechanical plan and evolutions in the same directions have been observed. It appears that crystallites dimensions, perfection levels, constraint of amorphous phase or crystallinity ratio all impact on mechanical properties, even if interrelations are complex and not easy to discriminate.The influence of humidity on polyamide 66 material has been observed and discussed. This parameter controls the position of the material relatively to its glass transition and determines the way microstructure is implicated in deformation mechanisms.Finally, the study has been extended to different processing conditions. Although the evolutions that have been noticed were very small, they have helped to refine the analysis and confirm some points.
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Joan Giraudeau. Relations entre la microstructure et le comportement mécanique de matrices polyamide 66 injectées. Polymères. PSL Research University, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM080⟩. ⟨tel-01736251⟩

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