Numerical methods for the simulation of continuum granular flow models

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the modeling and numerical methods for the simulation of non-Newtonian flows, and focuses particularly on granular materials flows. This work is applied to molten powders aiming to ensure metal thermal protection from the air in ingot casting process of metallic alloys. These powders are conditionned into bags disposed into the mold, which burn due to high temperatures, and allowing the powder spreading onto the metal surface. Thus, numerical simulation appears as a powerful tool for the process optimization, and especially, for the powder spreading.In this work, a finite element formulation has been proposed for the modeling of granular multiphase flows, by a continuum approach. The associated equations are solved using stabilized numerical schemes, coupled with the Level-Set method to capture and follow the granular profile during the simulation. First, the numerical tools have been implemented for Bingham flows, by using regularization a method. Then, the formulation was extended to dry granular flows, by the use of the mu(I) rheology constitutive model for describing its pressure-dependent behavior. The model has been validated on granular collapses, and a sensitivity analysis to boundary conditions and physical constants has been proposed.Finally, industrial cases of powder chutes ontoboth solid and liquid metla substrates have been conducted, leading to preliminary solutions for the optimization of ingot casting process.
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Stéphanie Riber. Numerical methods for the simulation of continuum granular flow models. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM020⟩. ⟨tel-01737107⟩

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