Tenue au feu des goujons collés dans le bois et dans le béton

Abstract : Post-installation of rebars is a structural joining technique allowing the connection and the load transfer between two neighboring structural elements using steel rebars and adhesive polymers. Post-installed rebars were initially used in concrete constructions in retrofitting, extension and in repairing structures by adding new concrete sections to existing elements. Over the time, the improvement in mechanical and adhesion properties of polymer adhesives have allowed to enhance the mechanical behavior of post-installed rebars and led to achieve equivalent or even higher mechanical responses than cast-in place rebars at normal operating temperatures. Thus, post-installed rebars have gradually replaced cast-in place rebars in new constructions for some applications by offering advantageous solutions and flexibility allowing meeting the high architectural requirements. However, the mechanical behavior of post-installed rebars is essentially governed by the mechanical properties of polymer resins, which remain highly sensitive to temperature variation. Consequently, the temperature increase of the post-installed rebars presents a potential risk affecting their safety use. Therefore, fire presents a serious hazard that should be considered when designing post-installed rebars. Recently, the technique of post-installed rebars, exclusively used in reinforced concrete structures, has been transferred to wood structures construction, and called "glued-in rods". This technique, initially used in the retrofitting and the reinforcement of historical monuments, is today used in new construction thanks to its good mechanical and seismic behavior in addition to the possibility it offers to make invisible connections. However, glued-in rods face the same problems as post-installed rebars, especially concerning the temperature increase. The aim of this thesis is to study the evolution of the mechanical behavior of these two connection techniques in order to suggest a design method allowing ensuring their safe use in a fire situation. The study is divided into four levels:i-Study of the behavior of chemical anchors at the scale of materials through characterization tests performed on the anchor components, with a particular emphasis on the study of phenomena occurring at high temperature in the polymer resin.ii-Study of the global behavior of chemical anchors by means of pull-out tests performed at high temperature, at constant load and at stabilized temperature, carried out on post-installed rebars in concrete cylinders and on glued-in rods in parallelepipeds of spruce glulam.iii-Study of the mechanical behavior at high temperature of chemical anchors at the scale of the structure through a full-scale fire test carried out on a cantilever concrete slab connected to a concrete wall using eight post-installed rebars. Test results were also used to validate the suggested design method to predict the fire resistance duration of post-installed rebars in a fire situation.iv-Theoretical study on the evolution of the stress distribution along the anchor during a temperature variation, through the development of a non-linear shear-lag model, allowing to obtain the theoretical stress profiles for any thermal distribution, from the experimental input data obtained by pull-out tests
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Mohamed Amine Lahouar. Tenue au feu des goujons collés dans le bois et dans le béton. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1027⟩. ⟨tel-01738712⟩

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