Fast energy relaxation in the afterglow of a nanosecond capillary discharge in nitrogen/oxygen mixtures

Abstract : The main aim of the present work was to investigate, how the plasma kinetics changes at the conditions of high specific energy deposition at high reduced electric fields. The nanosecond capillary discharge was used as an experimental tool. The measurements are performed for pure nitrogen and nitrogen/oxygen mixtures. Electric parameters of the discharge are measured: the applied voltage, the energy deposition, the electric field, and the electric current. The spectra of the optical emission of the discharge are obtained. The electron density in the discharge pulses is measured. The plasma decay is studied by the measurements of the electron density in the afterglow of the discharge as well. The processes controlling the plasma decay are determined. Depopulation of excited molecules on the example of N2(C) state of molecular nitrogen is studied in nitrogen/oxygen mixtures. The processes responsible for depopulation of excited species in the afterglow of the nanosecond discharge at high specific deposited energy at high reduced electric field are discussed. The radial distributions of the excited species at different gas compositions are investigated and compared. The experimental and numerical studies of the processes responsible for fast gas heating in pure nitrogen and in nitrogen/oxygen mixtures in the afterglow of nanosecond capillary discharge are performed. The peculiarities of the fast gas heating at conditions of the nanosecond discharge at high specific deposited energy at high reduced electric field are discussed. The modification of the kinetic scheme currently in use is proposed.
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Nikita Lepikhin. Fast energy relaxation in the afterglow of a nanosecond capillary discharge in nitrogen/oxygen mixtures. Plasma Physics [physics.plasm-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX087⟩. ⟨tel-01739847⟩

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