Les cyanobactéries et leurs toxines dans les sources d’eau potable

Abstract : The increase of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in source waters that can lead to breakthrough into drinking water treatments plants is a worldwide concern. The use of in situ probes allows for the detection of cyanobacterial phycocyanin through fluorescence. It is an innovative technology becoming more widely used. However, to facilitate the implementation of this technology, it must be validated. Several sources of interferences can lead to biases in their application. The objectives of this research are to :1. characterize the dominant species and cyanobacterial succession in two large lakes used for drinking water production2. analyse the variability of cyanobacterial species as well as other groups of phytoplankton as a function of temperature and nutrients3. validate cyanobacterial monitoring by fluorometric probe in drinking water sources by correcting the signal for other groups of phytoplanktonThe results of this research have shown that there are many sources of interference in fluorescence probes, but that a correction factor can be used to prevent the overestimation of cyanobacteria. Following the validation of the probe, it was used to improve our understanding of the dynamics of phytoplankton succession in Missisquoi Bay in order to characterize the dominant species and succession to improve the operation of drinking water treatment at Missisquoi Bay. Among the interesting findings was the earlier apparition of cyanobacteria throughout the years, Micocystis sp. blooms and blooms co-dominated by Chroococcales and Nostocales. The development of cyanobacterial blooms dominated by Aphanizomenon sp. or Dolichospermum sp. was generally preceded by a period where the water body was limited in nitrogen, which favours the development of these species capable of fixing nitrogen
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Marie-Laure de Boutray. Les cyanobactéries et leurs toxines dans les sources d’eau potable. Ingénierie de l'environnement. Université Paris-Est; Ecole polytechnique (Montréal, Canada), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1069⟩. ⟨tel-01743744⟩

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