Adiabatic elimination for open quantum systems

Abstract : This thesis addresses the model reduction problem for open quantum systems with differenttime-scales, also called adiabatic elimination. The objective is to derive a generic adiabaticelimination technique preserving the quantum structure for the reduced model.We consider an open quantum system, described by a Lindblad master equation withtwo time-scales, where the fast time-scale drives the system towards an equilibrium state.The cases of a unique steady state and a manifold of steady states (decoherence-free space)are considered. The slow dynamics is treated as a perturbation. Using the time-scaleseparation, we developed a new adiabatic elimination technique to derive at any orderthe reduced model describing the slow variables. The method, based on an asymptoticexpansion and geometric singular perturbation theory, ensures the physical interpretationof the reduced second-order model by giving the reduced dynamics in a Lindblad formand the mapping defining the slow manifold as a completely positive trace-preserving map(Kraus map) form. We give explicit second-order formulas, to compute the reduced model,for composite systems with weak - Hamiltonian or cascade - coupling between the twosubsystems and preliminary results on the third order. For systems with decoherence-freespace, explicit second order formulas are as well derived.
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Rémi Azouit. Adiabatic elimination for open quantum systems. Quantum Algebra [math.QA]. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM008⟩. ⟨tel-01743808⟩

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