Facing rare and catastrophic disasters : Four essays on the economics of nuclear safety regulation

Abstract : The four chapters of this Ph.D. thesis follow two research axes.First, I develop theoretical and statistical tools for the measurement of nuclear safety, when rare occurrences of accidents preclude the measurement of objective probabilities of incurring harm. In particular, using recent results from decision theory, I develop a framework for the assessment of the expected social cost of major nuclear accidents that accounts for the attitude of individuals towards the uncertainties that characterize their likelihood of occurrence. Next, I provide an empirical analysis of the French nuclear safety based on a novel dataset containing all the significant safety events reported in the currently-operated French reactors. Despite their minor consequences, I show how valuable information regarding safety can be drawn from this data.In the second part of the thesis, I tackle the question of the implementation of safety regulations and disaster management strategies when risks are rare and catastrophic. I first focus on identifying the causal impact of an information-based incentive mechanism implemented in France on the levels of safety care and compliance exerted by nuclear plant managers. I then develop a cheap-talk model to analyse the coordination of disaster communication strategies with several preparedness and disaster response policies.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [257 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01744349
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 27, 2018 - 12:36:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 15, 2019 - 12:12:07 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, September 13, 2018 - 9:25:14 AM

File

2017PSLEM025_archivage.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01744349, version 1

Citation

Romain Bizet. Facing rare and catastrophic disasters : Four essays on the economics of nuclear safety regulation. Risques. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM025⟩. ⟨tel-01744349⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

405

Files downloads

222