Multiphase flows with phase change and boiling in quenching processes

Abstract : Quenching processes of metals are widely adopted procedures in the industry, in particular automotive, nuclear and aerospace industries, since they have direct impacts on changing mechanical properties, controlling microstructure and releasing residual stresses of critical parts. Quenching is a highly nonlinear process because of the strong coupling between the fluid mechanics, heat transfer at the interface solid-fluid, phase transformation in the metal and boiling. In spite of the maturity and the popularity of numerical formulations, several involved mechanisms are still not well resolved.Therefore we propose a Direct Numerical Simulation of quenching processes at the industrial scale dealing with these phenomena. The fluid mechanics is simulated using a Finite Element Method adapted for high convective flows allowing the use of high stirring velocity in the quenching bath. Heat transfers are computed directly without the use of heat transfer coefficients but using the strong coupling between the fluid and the solid. We use a phase change model for the water that models all boiling regimes. A unified formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations, taking into account a compressible gas and an incompressible liquid is developed to model more accurately the vapor-water dynamics. A dynamic mesh adaptation procedure is used, increasing the resolution in the description of the interfaces and capturing more accurately the features of the flows.We assess the behavior and the accuracy of the proposed formulation in the simulation of time-dependent challenging numerical examples and experimental results.These recent developments enable the optimization of the process in terms of operating conditions, resources consumed and products conception.
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Mehdi Khalloufi. Multiphase flows with phase change and boiling in quenching processes. Mechanics of the fluids [physics.class-ph]. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM014⟩. ⟨tel-01745841⟩

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