Les chemins de faire de la surveillance : une sociologie des dispositifs de sécurité et de sûreté ferroviaires en France

Abstract : The proliferation of surveillance devices such as access controls, customers profiling, medical records digitalization, as well as radioactivity or atmospheric sensors, have become the target of strong criticism. NGOs, professionals, and researchers have all denounced their harmful effects or called for them to be reinforced. This thesis seeks to explain these diverse and critical opinions that shape the actualization of the risk society and of the surveillance society. It offers an analysis that rewrites surveillance practices in their practical, social and organizational context from two perspectives: the prevention of both accidents (known as safety) and malicious acts (known as security) in the French railway system. This research demonstrates that despite the remoteness of the issues in question, monitoring professionals face similar practical challenges. This thesis tests this result from an historical point of view by demonstrating that the first rail administrator during 19th century dealt with these two problems using the same disciplinary measures. After much specification of these issues during 20th century, sociological analysis of current measures has highlighted a relation between railway safety and security focused on the notion of "risk management". In both case studies, one of the main activities of safety and security professionals is to dispose of data collected during their surveillance measures. Based on these results, the thesis offers to partly renew surveillance practices analysis. Most research within the field of surveillance studies focuses on the processes related to the collecting of data, their social and political impacts that overshadows the omission, exclusion and destruction of data. The thesis calls for more focus on both the process of collection and separation of data to better understand and renew the critical approach of the practices of surveillance
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Theses
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Florent Castagnino. Les chemins de faire de la surveillance : une sociologie des dispositifs de sécurité et de sûreté ferroviaires en France. Sociologie. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1052⟩. ⟨tel-01748194⟩

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