Single-carrier MIMO systems for frequency selective propagation channels in presence of interference

Abstract : Time synchronization of MIMO systems have been strongly studied in the last fifteen years, but most of the existing techniques assume a spatially and temporally white noise, which does not allow modeling the presence of interference. We consider thus a temporally white but spatially colored noise, with an unknown covariance matrix. Formulating the estimation problem as a hypothesis testing problem, we obtain a Generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), which gives us a synchronization statistics eta_GLRT. However, for complexity reasons, it is not always considered realistic for practical situations. A part of this work has thus been devoted to showing that there exist non-GLRT statistics that are less complex to implement than theet a_GLRT, while having similar performance. Furthermore, we perform a comparative parameter analysis, taking into consideration the noise type, channel type, the number of transmit and receive antennas, and the orthogonality of the synchronization sequence. Lastly, the problem of optimization of the number of transmit antennas K for time synchronization has been investigated. showing, for high SNR, increasing performance with K as long as the product KM is not larger than 8, where M is the number of receive antennas. The second aspect of MIMO synchronization studied in thesis is asymptotic analysis of the same GLRT, but for large M. In this context, the synchronization sequence length N is the same order of magnitude as M, and this leads us naturally to the study of the the behavior of eta_GLRT in the asymptotic regime where M,N go towards infinity such that M/N go towards a non-zero constant. We consider the case of a single transmit antenna in a multi-path channel, which formally is equivalent to the MIMO system where the transmit antennas correspond to the number of paths. We address the case When the number of paths L does not scale with M and N, we establish that eta_GLRT has a Gaussian behavior with asymptotic mean L log (1/ (1 - M/N))and variance (L/N)*(M/N)/(1-M/N).This is in contrast with the standard asymptotic regime N goes to infinity and M fixed where eta_GLRT has a chi^2 behaviour. Under hypothesis H_1, eta_GLRT still has a Gaussian behaviour. The corresponding asymptotic mean and variance are obtained as the sum of the asymptotic mean and variance in the standard regime N goes to infinity and M fixed, and L log(1/(1-/M/N))L log (1 / (1-M/N)) and (L/N)*(M/N)/(1-M/N)respectively, i.e. the asymptotic mean and variance under H_0.We also consider the case where the number of paths L converges towards infinity at the same rate as M and N. Using known results of concerning the behaviour of linear statistics of the eigenvalues of large F-matrices, we deduce that in the regime where L,M,N converge to infinity at the same rate, eta_GLRT still has a Gaussian behaviour under H_0, but with a different mean and variance. The analysis of eta_GLRT under H_1 whenL,M,N converge to infinity needs to establish a central limit theorem for linear statistics of the eigenvalues of large non zero-mean F-matrices, a difficult ask. Motivated by the results obtained in the case where L remains finite, we propose to approximate the asymptotic distribution of eta_GLRT by a Gaussian distribution whose mean and variance are the sum of the asymptotic mean and variance under H_0when L goes to infinity with the asymptotic mean and variance under H_1 in the standard regime N goes to infinity and M fixed. Numerical simulations allow to compare the ROC curves obtained with the different approximations with the empirical ROC curves. The results show that the large-system approximations provide better results when M/N increases, while also allowing to capture the actual performance for small values of M/N
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Sonja Hiltunen. Single-carrier MIMO systems for frequency selective propagation channels in presence of interference. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université Paris-Est, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1206⟩. ⟨tel-01748684⟩

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