Le retour du commun au c?ur de l?action collective : le cas de la Responsabilit? ?largie du Producteur comme processus de responsabilisation et de co-r?gulation

Abstract : The Linear Economy is structured on: extraction, production, product use and landfill. This model prevails although it is a threat to the preservation of natural resources. Whereas, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) constitute ?Urban Mines? that are rich in valuable metals. Public policies from the 70s, based on regulatory constraints, have proved to be inefficient in instigating innovative and collective processes.In this thesis, we study an alternative approach based on the responsabilization of producers through co-regulated action between public and private actors. While responsibility is often linked to individualism, this work scrutinizes the substance of collective responsibility. Furthermore, in consideration of responsabilization as a mode of political governance, we examine the processes and the instruments which could be engaged to bestow collective responsibility on private actors.Through an exploratory, qualitative and longitudinal approach in the context of the WEEE sector, we propose new co-regulation principles. The research is based on the literature of the commons in which the conditions of a collective governance are discussed. The theoretical propositions are considered in the perspective of a comparative analysis at the European level.
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Helen Micheaux. Le retour du commun au c?ur de l?action collective : le cas de la Responsabilit? ?largie du Producteur comme processus de responsabilisation et de co-r?gulation. Economies et finances. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM030⟩. ⟨tel-01753863⟩

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