Architecture multi-échelle de matériaux polymères : de l’auto-assemblage à l’assemblage forcé

Abstract : Block copolymers (BCP) have proven to be of great interest, especially for their ability to spontaneously self-assemble in ordered and well-defined nanostructures. Some of their macroscopic properties can be altered by physical effects such as confinement (constraining domains at molecular scale) or shear (predominant orientation of domains with anisotropic mechanical response). Here, the study of these effects over the BCP structuration is achieved by using an industrially scalable technique, nanolayer coextrusion, which allows fabrication of macroscopic films made of thousands of alternating layers with individual thickness tuned down to a few tens of nanometers. Films are then coextruded using the triblock : poly(methyl methacrylate-b-butyl acrylate-b-methyl methacrylate) and the polymers : polymethyl methacrylate, polystyrene and polycarbonate (having different interfaces) by varying weight proportions and process parameters to target different layer thicknesses. A multi-scale characterization by coupling different technics as AFM, TEM (after samples staining) and SAXS allowed the local identification of nano-domains and the better understanding of process-structures-properties relation as a result of tensile tests showing improved mechanical behavior for these films. A low thermic stability for comparable process times showed a clear influence over structuration of this kind of BCP. We have observed a change in the triblock morphology from lamellar structures, when it is a close to thermodynamic equilibrium state, to cylindrical structures within the multilayer system which is maintained over long distances indistinct of layer thickness. The well understanding of the forming process parameters to create polymer-based materials at micro- or nanoscale scale is therefore an important factor in order to control nano-structures during a large-scale production of hierarchized materials consisting of BCP, which could strongly influence their macroscopic properties.
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Juan Montana Garcia. Architecture multi-échelle de matériaux polymères : de l’auto-assemblage à l’assemblage forcé. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0060⟩. ⟨tel-01762645⟩

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