Contribution to the Control of Biped Robots

Abstract : This thesis addresses the general problem of the walking control of biped robots. The foot of the robot in contact with the ground may tip over and cause the robot to be undercatuated. This is a major difficulty in term of control. This problem is addressed by considering planar biped robots with point feet.In a first part, we present a standard way of modeling such systems, a litterature review of the existing methods, and then report experimental results of the walking control of a biped robot using the HZD method.In a second part, we perform an analytic and numeric study of the relativekinetic energy dissipation when the foot of the robot impacts the ground. Usingthis study, we design trajectories with low energy dissipation at impact, which a priori result in gaits preserving the hardware of the robot and causing less noise. On the contrary, trajectories dissipating almost all the kinetic energy are used to quickly stop the robot.Finally, in an attempt to alleviate the burden due to underactuation, we proposeto investigate the additional degree of freedom provided, in the control design, by a change of time scale in the dynamic equations (Time-Scaling) for the considered class of biped robots. Using feedback transformations, we derive new exact and approximative normal forms.
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Sylvain Finet. Contribution to the Control of Biped Robots. Automatic. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM031⟩. ⟨tel-01764889⟩

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