Optimisation des efforts dans un ancrage courbe collé acier/composites

Abstract : Composite materials are gaining increasing interest in most of the industry sectors due to their low self-weight and their interesting physico-chemical properties. However, the use of these materials called for parallel reflections on their assembly with other materials which gave rise to the development of the structural bonding technology. This technique which allows to assemble materials of different natures by limiting, for example, the increase in the self-weight of the structure, is not fully mastered yet. For this purpose, further development on the qualification of the adhesion forces or on the understanding of durability are still necessary. This thesis addresses the problem of the optimization of adhesive bonded joints and aims in particular to study, more precisely, the use of the curvature in order to optimize the transfer of forces within the bonded joint. Two types of adhesive, one exhibiting a fragile elastic behavior and the other an elastoplastic behavior, have been studied in this work on the various analytical, numerical, and experimental aspects. We presumed that the plasticity of the adhesive appears to improve the strength of the bonded joints and; hence, shall be considered as an essential parameter in their optimization. A study of the curved geometry of the steel / composite bonded joints was then carried out, where it emerged that this geometry was effective in increasing the strength of the bonded joint and its ultimate capacity. Moreover, in order to extend the knowledge on the mechanical behavior of the curved bonded joints, and in the absence of sufficient bibliographical references on this type of bonding, we then resorted to the modeling by using the cohesive zone method to also validate the advantage of the curved geometry with respect to the plane geometry. This work finally focuses on the mechanical durability of this solution by addressing the fatigue thematic; even if additional investigations are needed, we have already found that the optimization of the joint by the use of an elastoplastic adhesive, and a curved geometry can improve the fatigue behavior of the adhesive bonded joints
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Haysam Chafi. Optimisation des efforts dans un ancrage courbe collé acier/composites. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1221⟩. ⟨tel-01764926⟩

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