Développement méthodologique pour l'évaluation des performances et de la durabilité des systèmes de production d'électricité par gazéification de biomasse en milieu rural : Etude de cas au Burkina-Faso

Abstract : This thesis aims to develop a performance assessment methodology of power generation systems based on biomass gasification in a rural area case in developing countries. The general methodological framework of this thesis is described in the approaches as follow: (i) defining performance assessment criteria, (ii) selecting methods or models for assessing the criteria, and (iii) choosing the method of analyzing the reliability of the assessment. Based on this methodological framework, a methodology for the assessment of electricity generation by biomass gasification systems in West Africa is developed. Fourteen assessment criteria are defined by taking in account technical, economic, environmental and social aspects. Models are developed for the calculation of each criterion considered. The models are then applied to carry out a performance assessment of the electricity generation by biomass gasification project in Burkina Faso. Twelve (12) system configurations are studied to satisfy the same load profiles. Simulation results allowed identifying from the point of view of the operator and the consumers the configurations which give better valorization of biomass available with an affordable electricity cost and which offer to operator a relative flexibility to adapt to changes in electricity demand.
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Grâce Chidikofan. Développement méthodologique pour l'évaluation des performances et de la durabilité des systèmes de production d'électricité par gazéification de biomasse en milieu rural : Etude de cas au Burkina-Faso. Energie électrique. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM; Institut international d'ingénierie de l'eau et de l'environnement, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0063⟩. ⟨tel-01769099⟩

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