Acoustique des chaudières hybrides : optimisation et contrôle par une approche qualité sonore

Abstract : Manufacturers increasingly care about noise made by their products, whether it is in car, in aeronautics, or recently in home appliances industry, because of much more restricting regulations regarding noise level. But beyond noise, users and population’s demand concerns more about sound quality.Among domestic equipment, the innovate hybrid boiler developed by e.l.m. leblanc is an interesting product energetically speaking as the condensing gas boiler is combined with a heat pump in a limited space. The performance coefficient of the heat pump is 3.7 (3.7 kW/h provided for an electric consumption of 1 kW/h), resulting in large savings on users’ bills.However, its high noise level prevents its installation in living spaces, such as kitchen, restricting the conquest of a larger market. His noise should be 40 times lower to meet regulatory level. The design of a new generation of hybrid boiler has been the opportunity to start this study aiming not only to reduce noise level, but also to carve sound in order to make it less annoying.A new approach, called Projected Acoustics of Dynamic Systems (PADS), has been used and has acted as a thread for our study. It takes into account acoustic, vibrating criteria and also those from sound quality well upstream from product design stage, thus avoiding expensive modifications or even rejection of the finished product if the latter is considered noisy.Acoustic and vibration measurements have been carried out on existing hybrid boilers and they have been analyzed in order to identify optimal modifications that may reduce noise. Solutions have been suggested and their effects have been evaluated by measurements. The regulatory noise level is reached with suggested measures.To integrate sound quality component into design, listening tests have been carried out to identify the sound target of the new hybrid boiler. Statistical analysis (PCA, FCA, Variance Analysis) brought out parameters impacting on noise perception, sometimes very subtly. We have tested the effect of the integration of musical tone and a correlation between noise pleasantness and this parameter was observed.This observation has concentrated this thesis on the development of an original method that can define the physical parameters of a fan so it makes a given musical tone. To do so, we have suggested a new semi-experimental approach that can predict line spectrum of a fan and we have used an optimization algorithm in order to find the optimum geometrical parameters. This new method has been validated with two test benches. It can be used to curve tonal noise of a fan, a turbomachine, or more generally a rotating machine.
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Carine Au. Acoustique des chaudières hybrides : optimisation et contrôle par une approche qualité sonore. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0071⟩. ⟨tel-01769586⟩

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