Modéliser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en évidence des effets génératifs du K-preordering grâce à l'étude du non-verbal

Abstract : The thesis investigates the generative power of knowledge structuration for innovative design. Analyzing the generativity of non-verbal knowledge structures - especially, architectural drawings -, this work identifies a new design method by showing that the transformation of links between knowledge bases fosters concept generation. In particular, a restructuration that aims to design a splitting structure - a structure avoiding modular and deterministic links between knowledge bases - has a strong generative power. During collective creativity sessions, non-verbal tools such as sketches, pictures or 3D-printing, can enhance knowledge restructuration: however, three necessary conditions, which are presented in the thesis, have to be met in order to ensure performance of the non-verbal tools used during the session. Moreover, this generative restructuration - also called K-preordering - differs from the classic design exploration by alternative concepts generation. But the two design modes are not mutually exclusive: the thesis proposes a design process that alternates K-preordering and concept generation. This process is applied in two studies, which were led as action research and intended to foster the reorganization of knowledge structures that were both stabilized and shared at the organizational level. In particular, these studies show how such a process helps enhancing the design of transdisciplinary research programs.
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Juliette Brun. Modéliser le pouvoir expansif de la structuration des connaissances en conception innovante : mise en évidence des effets génératifs du K-preordering grâce à l'étude du non-verbal. Gestion et management. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM007⟩. ⟨tel-01774457⟩

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