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Theses

Methode multigrilles parallèle pour les simulations 3D de mise en forme de matériaux

Abstract : A parallel multigrid method is developed to reduce large computational costs involved by the finite element simulation of 3D metal forming applications. These applications are characterized by a mixed velocity/pressure implicit formulation with a penalty formulation to enforce contact and lead to large deformations, handled by frequent remeshings of unstructured meshes of tetrahedral. The developed multigrid method follows a hybrid approach where the different levels of non-nested meshes are geometrically constructed by mesh coarsening, while the linear systems of the intermediate and coarse levels result from the algebraic approach. A close to linear asymptotical behavior is expected along with parallel efficiency in order to allow simulations with large number of degrees of freedom under reasonable computation times. These objectives lead to a parallel mesh coarsening algorithm and parallel transfer operators allowing fields transfer between the different levels of partitioned meshes. Physical specificities of metal forming applications lead to select a more complex multigrid smoother than those classically used in literature. A direct resolution method is used on the coarsest mesh, in sequential and in parallel computing. The developed multigrid method is used as a preconditioner for a Conjugate Residual algorithm within FORGE NxT software and shows an asymptotical behavior and a parallel efficiency close to optimal. The automatic mesh coarsening algorithm enables compatibility with frequent remeshings and allows the simulation of a forging process from beginning to end with the multigrid method. Computation times are significantly reduced, even on simulations with particular material flows on which the multigrid method is not optimal. This robustness allows, for instance, reducing from 4.5 to 2.5 days the computation of a forging process.
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Frédéric Vi. Methode multigrilles parallèle pour les simulations 3D de mise en forme de matériaux. Matériaux. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM009⟩. ⟨tel-01777424⟩

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