Méthodes stochastiques pour la modélisation d'incertitudes sur les maillages non structurés

Abstract : Simulations of physical phenomenon often require discretizing the medium with a mesh. An example of this type of simulation is the simulation of fluid flow through a porous medium and the evaluation of the geomechanical stress in the petroleum reservoir. The studied medium is often not homogeneous and applying a homogeneity hypothesis can lead to incorrect simulation results. That makes simulation of heterogeneities important for this kind of problems.This thesis is devoted to geostatistical simulations of heterogeneities on unstructured grids using methods of non-linear geostatistics. The objective of this work is the development of algorithms for simulating heterogeneities directly on unstructured grids without using intermediate fine scale regular grids and upscaling. We present two theoretical models for geostatistical simulations of continuous parameters on unstructured grids which are different generalizations of the Discrete Gaussian model (DGM) – DGM 1 and DGM 2. The proposed theoretical models enable converting the problem of geostatistical simulation on an unstructured grid into the well-studied problem of simulating multivariate Gaussian random vectors followed by application of block-dependent transformation functions. The problem of simulating facies is also addressed in this work, for which generalizations of pluri-Gaussian and truncated Gaussian simulation models for unstructured grids are proposed.An application of the proposed methods is demonstrated on a case study X, which is an offshore gas reservoir with a tartan-meshed grid.
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Victor Zaytsev. Méthodes stochastiques pour la modélisation d'incertitudes sur les maillages non structurés. Sciences de la Terre. PSL Research University, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM094⟩. ⟨tel-01789617⟩

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