Modeling of damage-permeability coupling in anisotropic geomaterials. Application to Bure underground works

Abstract : This thesis aims to introduce a new hydromechanical constitutive model taking into account both initial and induced anisotropies and the impact of the mechanical damage on the permeability. To build this model, a new modeling approach is developed allowing the extension of mechanical behavior laws from isotropic materials to transversely isotropic materials. This approach is used, within the framework of continuous media with internal variables, to propose an elasto-viscoplastic behavior law that distinguishes between compressive and tensile loading regimes. A second order tensor is introduced to describe the induced anisotropy due to tensile loadings, and a scalar internal variable is employed to account for hardening and softeningof the material due to compressive loadings. Under complex loadings, these two mechanisms are coupled, and the effect of cracks closing/reopening is taken into consideration. The damage-permeability coupling is modeled by the introduction of a phenomenological law linking the material intrinsic permeability to the mechanical internal variables.The developed model is applied to the case of the underground drifts of Bure site in order to better understand the mechanisms of hydromechanical properties alteration, around drifts and storing cells. Not only the impact of the excavation operations is considered but also the consequences of the overpressures caused by the produced hydrogen due to the corrosion of the metallic parts of nuclear waste containers.
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Mohamed Mahjoub. Modeling of damage-permeability coupling in anisotropic geomaterials. Application to Bure underground works. Earth Sciences. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM043⟩. ⟨tel-01790009⟩

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