Etude des propriétés thermodynamiques des nouveaux fluides frigorigènes

Abstract : The knowledge of the thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams of fluorinated compounds is essential for the design and optimization of thermodynamic systems. There are many applications: refrigeration, organic Rankine cycle (ORC), heat pump, and air conditioning systems. Due to the environmental constraints (F-gaz for the EU) related to the fact that the fluids being used must be harmless to the ozone layer, but also with a low global warming potential (GWP CO2 = 1 reference value), the chemists must develop new molecules responding to these constraints. Today, they have developed fluids called HFOs whose most famous is the HFO1234yf, with a low GWP (4), along with his isomers HFO1234ze and HFO1234zd. If the pure fluid is not suitable for the applications, blends should be developed instead. The objective of these theses is to study several HFOs, in pure compounds and mixtures and develop / compare thermodynamic models in order to predict the phase diagram and density of these fluids. These models should be transferable to industry. The CTP has several equipments to acquire experimental data. The vibrating-tube densimeter will be used to acquire density data, and equilibrium cell (static-analytic method) to acquire liquid-vapor equilibrium data. The cubic equations of state will be used for data treatment. A new equation of state more accurate for density prediction will be presented. A comparison in terms of phase diagrams and density prediction will be carried out.
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Jamal El Abbadi. Etude des propriétés thermodynamiques des nouveaux fluides frigorigènes. Génie chimique. PSL Research University, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM089⟩. ⟨tel-01804996⟩

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