Caractérisation et modélisation des réseaux de fissures pour la prédiction de la perméabilité des réservoirs composites stratifiés sans liner

Abstract : The design of liner-less composite pressure vessels for spatial launchers requires studying the relation between damage and permeability in laminates in order to offer solutions which fulfill strength and leak rate requirements. This study aims at providing a relevant description of damage growth and the resultant network at the meso-scale for leakage prediction. To do so, damage growth modelling is coupled with mechanical and permeability characterization. Two mains issues are addressed: crack network formation, by characterizing and modeling the growth and organization of cracks, and percolation and its effects on permeability, which is addressed by permeability measurement and leak path quantification. Several experimental methods based on optical microscopy and micro-tomography observations under tensile loading are proposed. These methods aim at evaluating the damage interaction and pattern of different plies in terms of cracking threshold, cracks length and relative location. Besides, two experimental setups are proposed to assess permeability evolution and percolation of cracks in pipes submitted to mono-axial or bi-axial loading. The results obtained for several carbon epoxy laminates manufactured by Automated Fibre Placement (AFP) are presented. At last, a multi-scale damage model based on energy release rates and finite fracture mechanics is introduced and key issues for developing a damage meso-model dedicated to the prediction of leak path density are established.
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Hortense Laeuffer. Caractérisation et modélisation des réseaux de fissures pour la prédiction de la perméabilité des réservoirs composites stratifiés sans liner. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0044⟩. ⟨tel-01812568⟩

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