Electrodes à base d’aérogels de SnO2, résistantes à la corrosion pour la réduction de l’oxygène dans les piles à combustible à membrane échangeuse de protons (PEMFC)

Abstract : In order to tackle the problem of low durability, tin dioxide aerogels were studied to replace carbon black as a catalyst support in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). SnO2 is a well-known n-type semi-conductor whose electronic conductivity can be improved by doping with hypervalent cations such as Nb5+, Ta5+ or Sb5+. In addition, as a catalyst support, this material has to develop a high specific surface area with adequate mesoporous morphology to allow both good dispersion and activity of the catalyst (Pt). To this end, our objective was to develop doped SnO2 aerogels. In this study, SnO2 based-aerogels were successfully synthesized following an acid-catalyzed sol–gel route starting with metal alkoxides as precursors. Our materials have shown a very interesting airy morphology with among other a reasonable specific surface area (80–90 m2/g). Moreover, all Sb-doped aerogels exhibited significant improvement in electronic conductivity and reach a value of around 0.12 S/cm. Platinum nanoparticles were then deposed on the Sb doped SnO2 aerogel surface using three different methods. The method based on chemical reduction using a polyol route provided the best result in term of mass catalytic activity measured by RDE (Is = 32 mA/mgPt). This value is even higher than that of the reference electrocatalyst TEC10E40E (Is = 27 mA/mgPt). Sb doped SnO2 aerogel based MEAs have exhibited a very good durability at high potentials.
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Guillaume Ozouf. Electrodes à base d’aérogels de SnO2, résistantes à la corrosion pour la réduction de l’oxygène dans les piles à combustible à membrane échangeuse de protons (PEMFC). Matériaux. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM060⟩. ⟨tel-01830433⟩

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