Comportement mécanique du superalliage base nickel à solidification dirigée DS200+Hf

Abstract : Various studies were aimed at developing crystal plasticity models to account for the anisotropic mechanical behaviour of single crystals. Directionally solidified (DS) materials can be modeled using such approaches, taking into account the underlying crystallographic structure. It requires the knowledge of the position, shape and crystallographic orientations of grains. To prevent heavy microstructure analyses, other models have to be developed for industrial calculations, using homogenization theory or considering a batch of synthetic pieces calculated using Crystal Plasticity Finite Elements Method (CPFEM). The aim of this thesis is to bring computational tools to carry out the two types of modeling for industrial applications. First of all, a crystal plasticity model for one grain of DS200+Hf is defined ranging from room temperature to 1200°C. Some scale transition rules, using full-field or mean-field approaches, are studied first in the theoretical case of a representative volume element (RVE) and then on tri-dimensional structures in order to access overall and local responses. For the RVE responses, micromechanical models are compared with a reference produced by CPFEM for various loadings. Moreover, the mechanical behaviour of a DS200+Hf cruciform specimen is studied. Biaxial tests with digital image correlation allow us to check the model predictions. These results raise questions about the modeling of oligogranular structures (i.e. with a small number of grains): should it be accepted that the local scale must be explicitly meshed, or, despite the fact that scale separability is not ensured, can we consider that the homogenized model still produces reliable results?
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Florent Coudon. Comportement mécanique du superalliage base nickel à solidification dirigée DS200+Hf. Matériaux. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM062⟩. ⟨tel-01845122⟩

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