Écologie et taxonomie intégrative des moucherons piqueurs du genre Culicoides Latreille (Diptera Ceratopogonidae) en région Afrotropicale.

Abstract : In a context of emergence or re-emergence of vector-borne diseases, certain species of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are involved in the transmission of certain viruses (Reoviridae: Orbivirus) and nematodes (Onchocercidae: Mansonella) in the Afrotropical region. However, the systematic and taxonomic schemes as well as the bio-ecology of species of veterinary interest remain to be explored. This work of integrative taxonomy aims to achieve (i) a systematic and taxonomic revision of species belonging to subgenera and groups of veterinary interest using a multi-marker molecular phylogeny and species delineation, and (ii) to develop molecular tools for studying the bioecology of species of veterinary interest and dynamics of their immature populations. Our results show (i) the presence of three monophyletic clades, the Imicola group, the Milnei group and the subgenus Remmia, (ii) a new species for science named C. sp. # 22 and affiliated into the subgenus Avaritia, Imicola group, (iii) the presence of a new undescribed species named C. sp. # 54 belonging to the Dasyops group, subgenus Avaritia, (iii) affiliating the Similis and Neavei species groups to the subgenus Synhelea, and (iv) cryptic species within C. oxystoma (subgenus Remmia). From a bioecological point of view, this work combining entomological follow-up and molecular identification with a library of barcode sequences allowed to describe the trophic behavior of C. imicola, C. kingi and C. oxystoma as well as their larval habitats in equine environments of the Niayes area in Senegal. This work completes the corpus of knowledge about the genus Culicoides in the Afrotropical region to improve our knowledge on the epidemiology of the transmitted pathogens and to propose research tracks to better control the immature and adult populations of the vector species in order to better anticipate and prevent Culicoides-borne diseases outbreaks.
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Mame Thierno Bakhoum. Écologie et taxonomie intégrative des moucherons piqueurs du genre Culicoides Latreille (Diptera Ceratopogonidae) en région Afrotropicale.. Ecologie, Environnement. AgroParisTech, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AGPT0012⟩. ⟨tel-01859922⟩

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