Closed-loop control separated flows using real-time PIV

Abstract : Separated flows are ubiquitous in nature and industrial systems, such as diffusers, airfoils, air conditioning plants, moving vehicles... As the separation can strongly influence the performances of such devices, investigating their dynamics and their control is of great interest.A visual sensor developed at PMMH laboratory is first improved to measure in real time the velocity fields and its derived values for flows available in wind tunnels. Based on an optical flow algorithm from the computer vision domain, this new experimental approach makes easier parametric studies and may be used in closed-loop controls.The dynamics of the flow over a flat plate are then investigated. A system identification method - the dynamic observer - is successfully implemented to build a reduced-order model of the transient flow, which captures and predicts well the instabilities generated.Finally, the fully turbulent wake of the square-back Ahmed body is described. Dynamical system tools are applied to characterize it. Using continuous and pulsed micro-jets, different forcing strategies are analyzed. An opposition closed-loop control is implemented, tracking and driving the recirculation.
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Eliott Varon. Closed-loop control separated flows using real-time PIV. Mechanics [physics.med-ph]. PSL Research University, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLET008⟩. ⟨tel-01865213⟩

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