Etude des systèmes binaires galactiques à très haute energie avec HESS et HESS-II

Abstract : Binary systems in gamma astronomy are stellar objects involving a massive star with a compact object, the lightest in orbit around the other. They emit regularly at high energy and very high energy (E > 100 GeV) for detection by H.E.S.S. telescopes. Despite their low relative number, they are all characterized by a modulation of gamma photon flux which depends on the position of the lightest object. We will focus more on 2 binary systems : LS 5039 and PSR B1259–63, we have a susbstantial data, H.E.S.S. telescopes have regularly observed these objects for more than 10 years. In 2012, a fifth telescope much larger size, began observations and enables to get events at lower energy and then make the connection with other experiments such as Fermi-LAT. A modelling of these two binary systems in anisotropic inverse Compton in Klein–Nishina regime are also presented and the circumstellar disk is taken into account for PSR B1259–63. Data taken by theH.E.S.S. telescopes can be improved. During observations, atmosphere can be degraded and thus affecting the flux of gamma photons collected. It’s therefore important to know the transparency coefficient of the atmosphere during an analysis. Furthermore, the electromagnetic air showers are more distorted because of the Earth’s magnetic field, a study of these phenomenas is necessary to correct these effects.
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Christian Mariaud. Etude des systèmes binaires galactiques à très haute energie avec HESS et HESS-II. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX030⟩. ⟨tel-01875028⟩

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