Low cycle fatigue of shape memory alloys

Abstract : The thesis proposes a multi-scale comprehensive analysis of low cycle fatigue of shape memory alloys (SMAs). First, low cycle fatigue of SMAs is experimentally investigated; comprehensive tensile-tensile fatigue tests under both stress and strain controlled loadings at different frequencies are carried out and results are discussed. Second, a new strain energy-based fatigue criterion is developed; it is shown that the use of total strain energy is a relevant parameter to predict fatigue lifetime of SMAs for different thermomechanical conditions and under different types (strain-control or stress-control) loadings. A physical interpretation of the mechanism related to the low-cycle fatigue of SMAs is then provided based on the conversion of hysteresis work into dissipation and stored energy. Third, fatigue crack initiation during cyclic stress-induced phase transformation is modeled based on transformation induced plasticity (TRIP); it is shown that the maximum temperature during the cyclic loading is a relevant indicator of the fatigue of SMA. Furthermore, the effect of the macroscopic mechanical load on the the fatigue lifetime is addressed as well as the spatial location of crack initiation. Finally, a mechanical training process that allows enhancing resistance to low cycle fatigue of SMAs is proposed.
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Yahui Zhang. Low cycle fatigue of shape memory alloys. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLY004⟩. ⟨tel-01880307⟩

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