Modelling and numerical simulation of metastable two-phase flows

Abstract : This Ph.D. thesis deals with the metastable two-phase flows typical of accidental transients that could occur in nuclear power plants. Those phenomena are of difficult treatment due to the topological difficulty of the flow, the interphase transfers and the strong coupling between thermodynamic features and mathematical aspects.The methods today in use in industry do not fully describe the complexity of these flows because based on too simple models. In fact, they do not take into account the thermo-chemical disequilibrium between liquid and vapor water. On the other hand, the hyperbolic methods recently proposed in the literature for the simulation of metastable flows can not be used in the industry because based on simple equations of state that are not adequate for industrial calculations.The purpose of this Ph.D. thesis is to develop a new approach that couples the modern hyperbolic methods to accurate equations of state. The final product of this work is a new model for the industrial analysis of metastable two-phase flows that incorporates novel techniques for the calculation of interfacial transfers and of steam-water properties. Moreover, it is computationally affordable for its use in industrial configurations.The methods developed in this thesis have been sistematically verified against exact solutions and validated using experimental data of the literature.
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Marco de Lorenzo. Modelling and numerical simulation of metastable two-phase flows. Mechanics of the fluids [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX029⟩. ⟨tel-01889103⟩

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