Convolution intermédiaire et théorie de Hodge

Abstract : This thesis consists of two independent parts.In a first part, we show that the Fourier-Mukai pair (X,Y) constructed from Pfaffian-Grassmannian double-mirror correspondence verifies the formula ([X]-[Y]) L^6=0 in the Grothendieck ring, where L is the class of affine line. This result is an improvement of a theorem of Borisov by removing a factor, which shows that the class of affine line is a zero divisor in the Grothendieck ring, and gives moreover a first interesting example of D-equivalent varieties which are L-equivalent. Other examples have later been made explicit by other authors.In a second part, we are interested in the behaviour of invariants in Hodge theory by middle convolution, following research of Dettweiler and Sabbah. The main result concerns the behaviour of the nearby cycle local Hodge numerical data in infinity by middle additive convolution by a Kummer module. We also give expressions for local invariant h^p and global delta^p without making the hypothesis of scalar monodromy in infinity. Besides, with a relation due to Katz linking up additive and multiplicative convolutions, we explain the behaviour of Hodge invariants by middle multiplicative convolution. Finally, the main theorem gives a new proof of a result of Fedorov on Hodge invariants of hypergeometric equations.
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Nicolas Martin. Convolution intermédiaire et théorie de Hodge. Géométrie algébrique [math.AG]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX040⟩. ⟨tel-01892554⟩

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