Formation d'émulsions multiples stables, stimulables et biocompatibles; application à l'encapsulation et au relargage contrôlé de principes actifs

Abstract : In this work, we studied different kinds of emulsions stabilized by biocompatible diblock copolymers polydimethylsiloxane-b-poly(dimethylaminoethyle methacrylate) (PDMS-b-PDMAEMA). PDMAEMA is sensitive to pH and ionic strength thanks to the amine groups carried by the chain. Varying the latter parameters, we obtained direct, inverse and W/O/W double emulsions in only one emulsification step, by shearing an aqueous phase and a biocompatible oil (Miglyol® 812 or isopropyle myristate). For a copolymer having hydrophilic and hydrophobic blocks of similar lengths, PDMS60-b-PDMAEMA50, very stable multiple emulsions (more than two years) were obtained, for pH close to pKa of PDMAMEA and in a large range of salt concentrations. Cytotoxicity measurements were performed on intestinal human cells, proving the possibility of using the emulsions stabilized with these copolymers to develop applications for health care.pH lowering allows to turn direct emulsions to multiple ones, leading to the controlled release of encapsulated species in the inner water drops. Encapsulation tests have been carried out with a model molecule, sucrose, and with an antioxidant extracted from green tea, catechin. Both molecules could be released from our emulsions by reducing the pH, despite the formation of hydrogen bonds between the encapsulated compounds and the copolymer which prevented complete deliverance. We demonstrated the ability of our multiple emulsions to protect the fragile catechin molecule during storage and preserve its antioxidant capacity.Additionally, we achieved the formation of PDMS-b-PDMAEMA stabilized emulsions by microfluidics. An innovative method was developed to allow the formation of double emulsions on PDMS microchips in an easy way. W/O/W emulsions were obtained for precise pH and salt concentrations, and catechin could also be successfully encapsulated in the internal water droplets by this method.
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Noémi Bodin. Formation d'émulsions multiples stables, stimulables et biocompatibles; application à l'encapsulation et au relargage contrôlé de principes actifs. Matériaux. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX060⟩. ⟨tel-01905326⟩

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