Multicomponent Reactions toward Heterocycles and Tsuji-Trost Reaction of Allylic Nitro Derivatives

Abstract : Multicomponent reactions play a significant role in organic chemistry. They allow the reaction occur between three or more starting materials, providing adducts which are considered as elements for the syntheses of complex molecules with bioactive compounds. Benifiting from their diversity, these reactions are considered as valuable tools for the preparation of libraries of organic structures in the pharmaceutical research and total synthesis of natural products field.The Passerini reaction, combined with Michael addition and cyclisation, served an easy access to γ-butyrolactones with good yields. The Passerini adducts of aromatic aldehydes act as nucleophiles in Michael additions with acrylonitrile. The reaction proceeds together with hydrolysis of the ester. The resulting γ-hydroxynitrile can be cyclized under acidic conditions to afford γ- butyrolactones.The NH-aryl hydrazones derived from trifluoroacetaldehyde hemiacetal can be involved in efficient Mannich type reactions with formaldehyde and aromatic aldehydes. The resulting hydrazones are useful building blocks for the preparation of trifluoromethyl substituted 1,2-diazine derivatives under heating with β-ketoesters.Moreover, naphthalene derivatives may be obtained through Tsuji-Trost reaction. This reaction may involve the formation of a palladium p-allyl complex followed by a base promoted β-hydride elimination. This reaction combined with the condensation of fused cyclic ketones with nitromethane and the functionalization of the resulting nitrocycloalkenes (Michael, Mannich...) constitute a very powerful synthetic tool for the formation of 1-substituted naphtalenes.
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Shuanglong Jia. Multicomponent Reactions toward Heterocycles and Tsuji-Trost Reaction of Allylic Nitro Derivatives. Organic chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLY012⟩. ⟨tel-01915944⟩

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