Décrochage tournant dans un diffuseur lisse radial : Étude de stabilité et effet sur la performance.

Abstract : Abstract:The behavior of work-absorbing turbomachines (pumps, compressors) operating at off design conditions, and especially at partial flow rates, is subject to instability phenomena that could affect their performance and can be dramatic for the machines or their environment. This study is focused on the rotating stall in the vaneless diffuser, the objective is to propose a theoretical model to fast predict the characteristics of such an instability. An experimental study is performed first to obtain those characteristics of rotating stall in a transparent vaneless diffuser of a radial impeller. The effect of rotating stall on the diffuser performance is discussed based on the static pressure measurements. The result shows rotating stall improved the diffuser pressure recovery, and the reasons are proposed. Based on the experimental setup, a linear stability analysis which is constructed by the continuity equation, momentum equation and vorticity equations, is proposed. The experimental characteristics of rotating stall: number and propagation velocity of stall cells, are theoretical calculated. The growth rate in the linear model, is proposed to determine the critical stall condition, and the dominant stall mode when different stall modes exist intermittently. The theoretical velocity and pressure fluctuations are also plotted to show the diffuser flow at stall condition. The abilities and limits of the linear stability analysis are concluded through the comparisons between theoretical and experimental results. Based on the linear model, a nonlinear stability analysis is extended to consider the nonlinear combinations which are neglected in the linear model, the aim is to give corrections (from nonlinear terms) to the linear results of rotating stall, the conclusions and discussions are made at the end.
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Yaguang Heng. Décrochage tournant dans un diffuseur lisse radial : Étude de stabilité et effet sur la performance.. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0049⟩. ⟨tel-01936805⟩

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