Tactile Modality during Socio-Emotional Interactions : from Humans to Robots

Abstract : Today, robots are more and more present in everyday life. The study and the development of strategies of social and emotional interaction constitutes a key point of their insertion in our social space. The latter years, many researches were carried out in the man-robot communication by exploiting the facial expressions, posturals or still vocal, but very few focused on the physical interaction via the touch. However, recent researches in the field of the psychology and the human-machine interfaces (HMI) showed the role of the haptic modality and more particularly tactile in the perception of the feelings and their various dimensions (for example valence, activation, dominance). The objective of this project is to exploit this sensory modality in the emotional man-robot interaction. On the basis of the robot humanoid MEKA, a set of tactile and physiological sensors will be studied and developed to make sensitive certain regions of its body (eg arm, shoulder, hand) and to detect the emotional state of the user. Afterward, a series of studies will be led to analyze the behavior of the users in situations of emotional interaction with the robot. The results of these studies will allow us to identify typical haptic emotional behavior which will be used to model the behavior of the robot in contexts of social interactions.
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Pierre-Henri Orefice. Tactile Modality during Socio-Emotional Interactions : from Humans to Robots. Robotics [cs.RO]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLY017⟩. ⟨tel-01937862⟩

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