Evolution des couches grenaillées sous sollicitations mécaniques de l'acier TRIP780 - Etude de la relaxation des contraintes et de la durée de vie en fatigue

Abstract : Shot peening process aim at enhancing life duration of mechanical parts in industry. Balls introduce a compressive state on the surface of the part by strain hardening the subsurface which must be accommodated by elastic strain. Compressive residual stresses are mainly the origin of the enhancing life duration. These residual stresses evolve during thermomechanical solicitations after shot-peening. Relaxation and life duration are studied at the phase scale in the TRIP780 steel – a multiphased steel (bainite, ferrite and austenite) owning a metastable austenitic phase which can transform in martensite under thermomechanical solicitations. In this steel, life duration gain depends on the compressive residual stresses stability in the different phases during cyclic loads. Bending test were carried out on thick samples to determine life duration in function of shot-peening conditions. With interrupted cyclic test, the evolution of the residual stress profile, phase partition and integral width were characterized by X-ray diffraction in ferritic and austenite phases showing the relaxation of residual stresses following the mechanical loads (loading level and number of cycle). With these experimental results, finite element simulations were carried out to forecast the relaxation. After residual stress numerical generation (fictive thermal method), global and by-phase comportment models were proposed in the case of the low number cycles. In the last part, a post-treatment by multiaxial fatigue criterion like Crossland one integrating relaxation results was proposed. The results were compared to the experimental fatigue curves.
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Clément Mauduit. Evolution des couches grenaillées sous sollicitations mécaniques de l'acier TRIP780 - Etude de la relaxation des contraintes et de la durée de vie en fatigue. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0027⟩. ⟨tel-01950265⟩

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