Investigation of Plasma Surface Interactions using Mueller Polarimetry

Abstract : In this thesis, a new diagnostic method called Mueller Polarimetry is examined for the investigation of plasma-surface interactions. This imaging technique allows the time-resolved optical characterization of targets under plasma exposure. The measured Mueller matrices are analyzed by using the logarithmic decomposition providing polarimetric data on diattenuation, depolarization, and birefringence. The latter is used by examining materials that possess optically active behavior to identify specific aspects of the plasma interaction, e.g. electric fields or temperature.This work focusses on electro-optic targets, which primarily enables the detection of electric fields induced by surface charge deposited during the interaction. The birefringence is coupled to the externally induced electric field by analytically relating the phase retardance for the probing polarized light beam to the perturbed index ellipsoid, according to the Pockels effect. Through this analytical approach, materials with specific electro-optic properties can be chosen in such a way – together with the orientation of the Mueller polarimeter itself – that all the individual electric field components (axial and radial) induced inside the sample are imaged separately. This has never been done before and allows to better understand the plasma dynamics in the vicinity of a dielectric surface.It is used to investigate the surface impact by guided ionization waves generated by a kHz-driven atmospheric pressure plasma jet. These non-thermal filamentary discharges are generally applied to various samples for e.g. surface functionalization of polymers or biomedical treatment of organic tissues. However, available diagnostic tools are limited to study these interactions. Imaging Mueller polarimetry applied to electro-optic targets examines the axial and radial field patterns in terms of amplitude (3-6 kV/cm), spatial scales (< 1mm axial and <1cm radial), and timescales (<1μs pulsed and <10μs AC) for various operating parameters of the jet, for example voltage amplitude and surrounding gas.Simultaneous with the transient birefringence induced by the electric field, a constant background pattern is also observed. This results from strain induced by temperature gradients inside the targeted material. An analytical relation is obtained following the photo-elastic effect, which allowed a fitting procedure to be designed to retrieve the temperature pattern. This procedure is used after calibration to show that the temperature of the sample can vary up to 25 degrees relative to room conditions – while changes in the electric field are seen as well – depending on the operating frequency of the AC driven plasma jet. The accurate determination of the temperature is important since most applications involve temperature sensitive samples.Lastly, this work shows how complex samples (in terms of surface geometry and/or chemical composition) can be examined during a plasma-surface interaction. This is done by combining them with the electro-optic targets. Due to the addition of a (thin) complex sample, depolarization is added to the system through scattering of the polarized light beam. In-situ observed changes of depolarization relate to the evolution of the complex sample during the plasma treatment. This, coupled with the simultaneously monitored electric field patterns, provides a unique diagnostic tool to examine the plasma-surface interactions. This has been applied for a test case where a single layer of onion cells is exposed to the ionization waves generated by the non-thermal plasma jet.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 11, 2018 - 3:58:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01951739, version 1

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Elmar Slikboer. Investigation of Plasma Surface Interactions using Mueller Polarimetry. Plasma Physics [physics.plasm-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay; Eindhoven university of technology, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX093⟩. ⟨tel-01951739⟩

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