Oxidation stability of fuels in liquid phase

Abstract : Liquid phase stability is a major concern in the transportation and the energy fields. Relevant examples are fuels, lubricants and additives which have to be stable from their production to their application (engine, combustors). This thesis aims to develop and validate a complete methodology combining both experimental data acquisition and the development of kinetic models for liquid phase autoxidation.The experimental methodology is based on a complementary approach to obtain (i) a global reactivity descriptor (Induction Periods) and (ii) detailed species profiles respectively using a PetroOxy device and an instrumented autoclave. Numerically, the presented methodology includes detailed liquid phase mechanisms generation with an automatic mechanism generator (RMG). Normal and iso-paraffins were selected as fuel surrogates for autoxidation to validate the developed methodology. They were selected regarding their large contribution in fuel composition and their growing interest as drop-in fuels.The reactivity of both n-paraffins from C8 to C16 and several C8 iso-paraffins was investigated over a wide temperature range (373-433 K) in the PetroOxy with liquid phase analyses. Then, detailed species profiles from the autoxidation of both n-octane and 2-methylheptane in autoclave were obtained at 383 K and 10 bars. Detailed liquid phase mechanisms were developed for all molecules tested up to C14. Mechanisms qualitatively reproduce the overall phenomenology of the chain length, the branching and the major species profiles observed experimentally. Mechanisms analysis allow to identify the main consumption pathways of alkanes through peroxy (ROO) and peroxy-hydroperoxide radicals (HOOQOO) over the temperature range investigated (373-473 K).This study permitted to increase the comprehension of autoxidation processes involved in normal and branched alkanes. The study of new chemical systems will increase the global comprehension of autoxidation processes and in fine it will reduce the gap between the current autoxidation knowledge and the real fuel autoxidation.
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Karl Chatelain. Oxidation stability of fuels in liquid phase. Chemical engineering. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLY020⟩. ⟨tel-01958391⟩

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