High dimensional Bayesian computation

Abstract : Computational Bayesian statistics builds approximations to the posterior distribution either bysampling or by constructing tractable approximations. The contribution of this thesis to the fieldof Bayesian statistics is the development of new methodology by combining existing methods. Ourapproaches either scale better with the dimension or result in reduced computational cost com-pared to existing methods. Our first contribution improves approximate Bayesian computation(ABC) by using quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC). ABC allows Bayesian inference in models with in-tractable likelihoods. QMC is a variance reduction technique that yields precise estimations ofintegrals. Our second contribution takes advantage of QMC for Variational Inference (VI). VIis a method for constructing tractable approximations to the posterior distribution. The thirdcontribution develops an approach for tuning Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) samplers whenusing Hamiltonian Monte Carlo (HMC) mutation kernels. SMC samplers allow the unbiasedestimation of the model evidence but tend to struggle with increasing dimension. HMC is aMarkov chain Monte Carlo technique that has appealing properties when the dimension of thetarget space increases but is difficult to tune. By combining the two we construct a sampler thattakes advantage of the two.
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Alexander Buchholz. High dimensional Bayesian computation. Statistics [math.ST]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLG004⟩. ⟨tel-01961050⟩

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