Variational approach to dynamic fracture and applications to the fragmentation of metals and ceramics

Abstract : The main objective of this work was the study of the fragmentation of a metallic shell. This thesis is divided into four parts: construction of a damage model, numerical implementation, calibration of the model parameters using experimental data and analytical works.In this work, we considered a model that couples the standard gradient damage models with plasticity and dynamics. Using the energy and the action of the system, we could obtain all the equations necessary to describe the dynamic ductile model: the equations of dynamics, the plasticity criterion and the damage criterion. We then detail the numerical implementation of these models.Some qualitative behaviours are then obtained, such as the number and the direction of cracks, and the convergence to the quasi-static model.In order to better understand the influence of the parameters, we studied the problem analytically. By studying the amplitude of the perturbations, we describe how to obtain an analytic approximation for the number of cracks in a ring under expansion.In order to run realistic simulations, it is needed to calibrate the material parameters. We focus here on a simple case of brittle materials. The experimental data were obtained in a series of shockless spalling tests performed by the CEA.We also study other forms of regularization, now applied to the plastic strain, avoiding localization in zero-thickness bands.We considered using the dissipative properties of the temperature field to regularize the model. Finally, we conclude with plasticity models where we add a term depending on the gradient of the plastic strain (gradient plasticity models).
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Arthur Geromel Fischer. Variational approach to dynamic fracture and applications to the fragmentation of metals and ceramics. Mechanics of the solides [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX096⟩. ⟨tel-01973957⟩

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