Contribution à l’étude du comportement différé des géomatériaux avec prise en compte des conditions thermo-hydriques

Abstract : A better understanding of deferred phenomena affecting geomaterials behaviour is essential to allow a more efficient design of structures. We studied the link between tests used to characterize deferred effects on the mechanical behavior of geomaterials. First, we focused on the influence of the stress load on the stress path of clay in oedometric condition. We carried out different types of tests on saturated drained clay: strain rate tests, creep tests and relaxation tests. Our study shows that the state of axial and radial stresses and thus the earth coefficient at rest do not depend on the strain rate imposed over a wide range of strain rates. The stress path in oedometric condition is therefore, with regard to our experimental results, both a characteristic of the clay and a property of the state of the sample. To study the influence of environmental factors such as temperature and relative humidity on the mechanical behavior of geomaterials, we developed an original experimental device to control the axial stress, temperature and relative humidity of the specimen in oedometric condition. The device was tested on sand and on cellular concrete i isothermal condition. Regarding the sand, a series of oedometer tests by loading steps showed that the index of compression and the index of swelling of the sand does not seem affected by temperature and relative humidity. However, the temperature modifies the hydro-mechanical behavior of the sand. Indeed, at 25 °C, the stress path and thus the earth coefficient at rest of soil does not depend on relative humidity, whereas at 41 °C, the earth coefficient at rest decreases with an increase in relative humidity. Concerning cellular concrete, we have been forced to work in uniaxial condition, it has been shown that the compression index increases with relative humidity regardless of the level of stress applied.Finally, an elasto/visco-plastic model has been implemented to account for time effects on the mechanical behavior of a saturated geomaterial. After discussing the role of each parameter, we have identified parameters to reproduce results of the experimental tests. In addition, after calibrating the model using two CRS tests, we predicted a CRS test at another strain rate in a convincing manner
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Hugo Troupel. Contribution à l’étude du comportement différé des géomatériaux avec prise en compte des conditions thermo-hydriques. Géotechnique. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1243⟩. ⟨tel-02003110⟩

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