Strength and Stability of Cross-Laminated-Timber Walls at Short and Long Term

Abstract : This PhD thesis addresses the issue of CLT wall buckling. These wooden panels, made of boards which are glued cross-wise, are more and more used in construction. The current trend of the market is to design high-rise buildings which raises the issue of the compressive strength of such walls. It turns out that wood is a highly anisotropic material. Especially, the shear stiffness and strength perpendicular to the grain (rolling shear) are much weaker than in the direction parallel to the grain. This high contrast requires more elaborate design criteria than classical tools used in timber engineering. This work is organized in two main parts. First, the equivalent rolling-shear behavior of a CLT layer is investigated. Bounds are established for the stiffness of an equivalent layer using a theoretical approach. These bounds are validated by means of a new experimental set-up which allows the measurement of the rolling shear stiffness with less variability than the classical single lap shear test. In the second part, this data is used in the buckling analysis of CLT walls with increasing refinements. First, the linear buckling load of a thick plate without imperfection is established. This load is based on a new higher-order plate theory and reveals that the critical load based on a thin plate theory (Kirchhoff-Love) cannot predict correctly the strength of CLT walls. Then, the influence of imperfections is introduced adapting the classical approach from Ayrton and Perry to the case of a Timoshenko beam. This extension reveals that a new design criterion has to be satisfied under buckling which is specific to CLT. Finally, this analysis is extended to long term loads assuming a simple creep law and leading to a new simple design criterion which may be easily introduced in current design codes
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Olivier Perret. Strength and Stability of Cross-Laminated-Timber Walls at Short and Long Term. Matériaux composites et construction. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1246⟩. ⟨tel-02003154⟩

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