Approches multiéchelles d'expérimentation et de modélisation pour prédire la rupture d'un composite textile : Critère de classement des architectures tissées

Abstract : This PhD work is part of global collaboration project with Cobra Europe company.The main motivation is to better understand in order to model the physical degradation mechanisms of woven composite with a well specified design.The present work takes benefit of the results issued from Piezelthesis. It aims at investigating the mechanisms of degradation leading to the failure of woven fabrics but also at introducing relevant parameters dedicated to their design.A multiscale experimental investigation on virgin and degraded samples of fabric is first carried out in order to analyze and characterize the damage phenomena observed within these samples.Tensile tests (with or without pre-cycling) were performed on the composite material (at the macroscopic scale) to detect a decrease in the stress at failure. Tomographic inspections with high resolution allowed for observations inside the constituents of the fabrics (mesoscopic scale)Thus, the main origin of the failure of the fabric was revealed : the warp yarn break with its localisation and information about the orientation of the normal to the fracture surfaces. A multiscale modeling was then performed, motivated by the degradation mechanisms observed previously. Under macroscopic loading representative of in service solicitationapplied to the present woven fabric (tension/bending), the periodic cell of theRepresentative Volume Element was investigated. Namely, a complete analysis of the stress state (heterogeneity, gradient, triaxiality, orientation) is carried out within the reinforcing yarns. It turns out that relevant parameters able to analyze any woven fabric were identified. Their characteristics were in good agreement with the experimental evidences. Furthermore, they allowed for a better understanding of the failure process of the fabric. With the experience acquired during the present work, these parameters were utilized to classify two specific woven architectures.This opens the perspective of a third thesis dedicated to refine and render systematic the present approach.
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Wassim Trabelsi. Approches multiéchelles d'expérimentation et de modélisation pour prédire la rupture d'un composite textile : Critère de classement des architectures tissées. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0087⟩. ⟨tel-02003462⟩

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