Accounting for channel constraints in joint source-channel video coding schemes

Abstract : SoftCast based Linear Video Coding (LVC) schemes have been emerged in the last decade as a quasi analog joint-source-channel alternative to classical video coding schemes. Theoretical analyses have shown that analog coding is better than digital coding in a multicast scenario when the channel signal-to-noise ratios (C-SNR) differ among receivers. LVC schemes provide in such context a decoded video quality at different receivers proportional to their C-SNR.This thesis considers first the channel precoding and decoding matrix design problem for LVC schemes under a per-subchannel power constraint. Such constraint is found, e.g., on Power Line Telecommunication (PLT) channels and is similar to per-antenna power constraints in multi-antenna transmission system. An optimal design approach is proposed, involving a multi-level water filling algorithm and the solution of a structured Hermitian Inverse Eigenvalue problem. Three lower-complexity alternative suboptimal algorithms are also proposed. Extensive experiments show that the suboptimal algorithms perform closely to the optimal one and can reduce significantly the complexity. The precoding matrix design in multicast situations also has been considered.A second main contribution consists in an impulse noise mitigation approach for LVC schemes. Impulse noise identification and correction can be formulated as a sparse vector recovery problem. A Fast Bayesian Matching Pursuit (FBMP) algorithm is adapted to LVC schemes. Subchannels provisioning for impulse noise mitigation is necessary, leading to a nominal video quality decrease in absence of impulse noise. A phenomenological model (PM) is proposed to describe the impulse noise correction residual. Using the PM model, an algorithm to evaluate the optimal number of subchannels to provision is proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithms significantly improve the video quality when transmitted over channels prone to impulse noise.
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Shuo Zheng. Accounting for channel constraints in joint source-channel video coding schemes. Signal and Image Processing. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLT005⟩. ⟨tel-02050971⟩

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