Application de méthodes de réduction de modèles aux problèmes d'électromagnétisme basse fréquence

Abstract : In the electrical engineering field, numerical simulation allows to avoid experiments which can be expensive, difficult to carry out or harmful for the device. In this context, the Finite Element Method has become to be one of the most used approach since it allows to obtain precise results on devices with complex geometries. However, these simulations can be computationally expensive because of a large number of unknowns and time-steps, and of strong nonlinearities of ferromagnetic materials to take into account. Numerical techniques to reduce the computational effort are thus needed. In this context, model order reduction approaches seem well adapted to this kind of problem since they have already been successfully applied to many engineering fields, among others, fluid and solid mechanics. A first class of methods allows to seek the solution in a reduced basis, allowing to dramatically reduce the number of unknowns of the numerical model. The most famous technics are probably the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, the Proper Generalized Decomposition and the Arnoldi Projection. The second class of approaches consists of methods allowing to reduce the computational cost associated to nonlinearities, using interpolation methods like the Empirical Interpolation Method and the Gappy POD. This Ph.D. has been done within the LAMEL, the joint laboratory between the L2EP and EDF R&D, in order to identify and implement the model order reduction methods which are the most adapted to electrical engineering models. These methods are expected to reduce the computational cost while taking into account the motion of an electrical machine rotor, the nonlinearities of the ferromagnetic materials and also the mechanical and electrical environment of the device. Finally, an error indicator which evaluates the error introduced by the reduction technic has been developed, in order to guarantee the accuracy of the results obtained with the reduced model.
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Laurent Montier. Application de méthodes de réduction de modèles aux problèmes d'électromagnétisme basse fréquence. Energie électrique. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0029⟩. ⟨tel-02056250⟩

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