Comportement de matériaux carbonés sous sollicitations dynamiques intenses : analogie entre irradiations lasers et impacts hypervéloces

Abstract : The study of hypervelocity impacts (HVI) is essential in many fields such as aerospace, cosmology or defense. To reproduce them in laboratory, it is usual to use gas or powder launchers. However, this type of facility is limited to impact velocities under 10 km/s for projectiles of millimeter size. In order to study higher velocities, it is necessary to consider alternative means. In this study, we demonstrate that an analogy is possible between laser irradiations and HVI. To do this, experimental data were obtained on the HERMES launcher and the GCLT laser facility. Two target materials were considered: 6061-T6 aluminum and EDM3, a porous graphite. By numerical simulation, we spatially and temporally characterized the pressure fields generated on the surface of the targets by a projectile and a laser. It allowed us to propose and validate a procedure to link HVI and laser shots. Finally, an experimental campaign was carried out on the LULI2000 laser facility to study impact velocities up to 32 km/s.
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Aubert Bertrand. Comportement de matériaux carbonés sous sollicitations dynamiques intenses : analogie entre irradiations lasers et impacts hypervéloces. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0065⟩. ⟨tel-02073146⟩

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