Interaction lumière-nuage de particules micrométriques hautes vitesses : application à la Vélocimétrie Hétérodyne

Abstract : As a shockwave reaches a roughened metal’s surface, high-speed micron-sized particles are ejected. The spectral signature of the cloud can be measured using a fiber-based interferometric setup, so-called Photon Doppler velocimetry (PDV).In the single scattering regime, we study how the parametric dependencies of the cloud influence its Doppler response. Using a Maximum Likelihood technique, we estimate the mass-velocity function of ejected material, and its uncertainty. The time-dependent statistical properties of the spectrum, coming from the complex optical collection efficiency of the probe, are also explained.We present a Monte Carlo method to incorporate multiple scattering. Three different ejecta experiments are studied and the presence of non-physical velocities attributed to multiple scattering between surface and ejecta. Cloud’s visibility and backscattered power decrease with time due to the existence of different scattering regimes. Whatever the ejected mass, multiple scattering effects have to be integrated in PDV calculations. A single scattering will only be asymptotically valid, when time reaches infinity and/or the beam diameter is negligible with respect to the scattering mean free paths.
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Jean-Eloi Franzkowiak. Interaction lumière-nuage de particules micrométriques hautes vitesses : application à la Vélocimétrie Hétérodyne. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0053⟩. ⟨tel-02077281⟩

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